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Functions in the sparsediscrim package fit different types of quadratic discriminant analysis model that regularize the estimates (like the mean or covariance).


For this engine, there is a single mode: classification

Tuning Parameters

This model has 1 tuning parameter:

  • regularization_method: Regularization Method (type: character, default: ‘diagonal’)

The possible values of this parameter, and the functions that they execute, are:

  • "diagonal": sparsediscrim::qda_diag()

  • "shrink_mean": sparsediscrim::qda_shrink_mean()

  • "shrink_cov": sparsediscrim::qda_shrink_cov()

Translation from parsnip to the original package

The discrim extension package is required to fit this model.


discrim_quad(regularization_method = character(0)) %>% 
  set_engine("sparsediscrim") %>% 

## Quadratic Discriminant Model Specification (classification)
## Main Arguments:
##   regularization_method = character(0)
## Computational engine: sparsediscrim 
## Model fit template:
## discrim::fit_regularized_quad(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg(), 
##     method = character(0))

Preprocessing requirements

Factor/categorical predictors need to be converted to numeric values (e.g., dummy or indicator variables) for this engine. When using the formula method via fit(), parsnip will convert factor columns to indicators.

Variance calculations are used in these computations within each outcome class. For this reason, zero-variance predictors (i.e., with a single unique value) within each class should be eliminated before fitting the model.

Case weights

The underlying model implementation does not allow for case weights.


  • qda_diag(): Dudoit, Fridlyand and Speed (2002) Comparison of Discrimination Methods for the Classification of Tumors Using Gene Expression Data, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 97:457, 77-87.

  • qda_shrink_mean(): Tong, Chen, Zhao, Improved mean estimation and its application to diagonal discriminant analysis, Bioinformatics, Volume 28, Issue 4, 15 February 2012, Pages 531-537.

  • qda_shrink_cov(): Pang, Tong and Zhao (2009), Shrinkage-based Diagonal Discriminant Analysis and Its Applications in High-Dimensional Data. Biometrics, 65, 1021-1029.