This model uses regularized least squares to fit models with numeric outcomes.

For this engine, there is a single mode: regression

This model has one tuning parameter:

`penalty`

: Amount of Regularization (type: double, default: 0.0)

For `penalty`

, the amount of regularization is *only* L2 penalty (i.e.,
ridge or weight decay).

linear_reg(penalty = double(1)) %>% set_engine("keras") %>% translate()

## Linear Regression Model Specification (regression) ## ## Main Arguments: ## penalty = double(1) ## ## Computational engine: keras ## ## Model fit template: ## parsnip::keras_mlp(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg(), penalty = double(1), ## hidden_units = 1, act = "linear")

`keras_mlp()`

is a parsnip wrapper around keras code for
neural networks. This model fits a linear regression as a network with a
single hidden unit.

Factor/categorical predictors need to be converted to numeric values
(e.g., dummy or indicator variables) for this engine. When using the
formula method via
`fit.model_spec()`

, parsnip will
convert factor columns to indicators.

Predictors should have the same scale. One way to achieve this is to center and scale each so that each predictor has mean zero and a variance of one.

The “Fitting and Predicting with parsnip” article contains
examples
for `linear_reg()`

with the `"keras"`

engine.

Hoerl, A., & Kennard, R. (2000).

*Ridge Regression: Biased Estimation for Nonorthogonal Problems*. Technometrics, 42(1), 80-86.