`klaR::NaiveBayes()`

fits a model that uses Bayes' theorem to compute the
probability of each class, given the predictor values.

## Details

For this engine, there is a single mode: classification

### Tuning Parameters

This model has 2 tuning parameter:

`smoothness`

: Kernel Smoothness (type: double, default: 1.0)`Laplace`

: Laplace Correction (type: double, default: 0.0)

Note that the engine argument `usekernel`

is set to `TRUE`

by default
when using the `klaR`

engine.

### Translation from parsnip to the original package

The **discrim** extension package is required to fit this model.

```
library(discrim)
naive_Bayes(smoothness = numeric(0), Laplace = numeric(0)) %>%
set_engine("klaR") %>%
translate()
```

```
## Naive Bayes Model Specification (classification)
##
## Main Arguments:
## smoothness = numeric(0)
## Laplace = numeric(0)
##
## Computational engine: klaR
##
## Model fit template:
## discrim::klar_bayes_wrapper(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg(),
## adjust = numeric(0), fL = numeric(0), usekernel = TRUE)
```

### Preprocessing requirements

The columns for qualitative predictors should always be represented as factors (as opposed to dummy/indicator variables). When the predictors are factors, the underlying code treats them as multinomial data and appropriately computes their conditional distributions.

Variance calculations are used in these computations so *zero-variance*
predictors (i.e., with a single unique value) should be eliminated
before fitting the model.