# Random forests via randomForest

Source:`R/rand_forest_randomForest.R`

`details_rand_forest_randomForest.Rd`

`randomForest::randomForest()`

fits a model that creates a large number of
decision trees, each independent of the others. The final prediction uses all
predictions from the individual trees and combines them.

## Details

For this engine, there are multiple modes: classification and regression

### Tuning Parameters

This model has 3 tuning parameters:

`mtry`

: # Randomly Selected Predictors (type: integer, default: see below)`trees`

: # Trees (type: integer, default: 500L)`min_n`

: Minimal Node Size (type: integer, default: see below)

`mtry`

depends on the number of columns and the model mode. The default
in `randomForest::randomForest()`

is
`floor(sqrt(ncol(x)))`

for classification and `floor(ncol(x)/3)`

for
regression.

`min_n`

depends on the mode. For regression, a value of 5 is the
default. For classification, a value of 10 is used.

### Translation from parsnip to the original package (regression)

```
rand_forest(
mtry = integer(1),
trees = integer(1),
min_n = integer(1)
) %>%
set_engine("randomForest") %>%
set_mode("regression") %>%
translate()
```

```
## Random Forest Model Specification (regression)
##
## Main Arguments:
## mtry = integer(1)
## trees = integer(1)
## min_n = integer(1)
##
## Computational engine: randomForest
##
## Model fit template:
## randomForest::randomForest(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg(),
## mtry = min_cols(~integer(1), x), ntree = integer(1), nodesize = min_rows(~integer(1),
## x))
```

`min_rows()`

and `min_cols()`

will adjust the number of neighbors if the
chosen value if it is not consistent with the actual data dimensions.

### Translation from parsnip to the original package (classification)

```
rand_forest(
mtry = integer(1),
trees = integer(1),
min_n = integer(1)
) %>%
set_engine("randomForest") %>%
set_mode("classification") %>%
translate()
```

```
## Random Forest Model Specification (classification)
##
## Main Arguments:
## mtry = integer(1)
## trees = integer(1)
## min_n = integer(1)
##
## Computational engine: randomForest
##
## Model fit template:
## randomForest::randomForest(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg(),
## mtry = min_cols(~integer(1), x), ntree = integer(1), nodesize = min_rows(~integer(1),
## x))
```

### Preprocessing requirements

This engine does not require any special encoding of the predictors.
Categorical predictors can be partitioned into groups of factor levels
(e.g. `{a, c}`

vs `{b, d}`

) when splitting at a node. Dummy variables
are not required for this model.

### Saving fitted model objects

This model object contains data that are not required to make predictions. When saving the model for the purpose of prediction, the size of the saved object might be substantially reduced by using functions from the butcher package.

### Examples

The “Fitting and Predicting with parsnip” article contains
examples
for `rand_forest()`

with the `"randomForest"`

engine.