`rand_forest()`

is a way to generate a *specification* of a model
before fitting and allows the model to be created using
different packages in R or via Spark. The main arguments for the
model are:

`mtry`

: The number of predictors that will be randomly sampled at each split when creating the tree models.`trees`

: The number of trees contained in the ensemble.`min_n`

: The minimum number of data points in a node that are required for the node to be split further.

These arguments are converted to their specific names at the
time that the model is fit. Other options and argument can be
set using `set_engine()`

. If left to their defaults
here (`NULL`

), the values are taken from the underlying model
functions. If parameters need to be modified, `update()`

can be used
in lieu of recreating the object from scratch.

rand_forest(mode = "unknown", mtry = NULL, trees = NULL, min_n = NULL) # S3 method for rand_forest update( object, parameters = NULL, mtry = NULL, trees = NULL, min_n = NULL, fresh = FALSE, ... )

mode | A single character string for the type of model. Possible values for this model are "unknown", "regression", or "classification". |
---|---|

mtry | An integer for the number of predictors that will be randomly sampled at each split when creating the tree models. |

trees | An integer for the number of trees contained in the ensemble. |

min_n | An integer for the minimum number of data points in a node that are required for the node to be split further. |

object | A random forest model specification. |

parameters | A 1-row tibble or named list with |

fresh | A logical for whether the arguments should be modified in-place of or replaced wholesale. |

... | Not used for |

The model can be created using the `fit()`

function using the
following *engines*:

R:

`"ranger"`

(the default) or`"randomForest"`

Spark:

`"spark"`

For models created using the spark engine, there are
several differences to consider. First, only the formula
interface to via `fit()`

is available; using `fit_xy()`

will
generate an error. Second, the predictions will always be in a
spark table format. The names will be the same as documented but
without the dots. Third, there is no equivalent to factor
columns in spark tables so class predictions are returned as
character columns. Fourth, to retain the model object for a new
R session (via `save`

), the `model$fit`

element of the `parsnip`

object should be serialized via `ml_save(object$fit)`

and
separately saved to disk. In a new session, the object can be
reloaded and reattached to the `parsnip`

object.

Engines may have pre-set default arguments when executing the model fit call. For this type of model, the template of the fit calls are below:

rand_forest() %>% set_engine("ranger") %>% set_mode("regression") %>% translate()

## Random Forest Model Specification (regression) ## ## Computational engine: ranger ## ## Model fit template: ## ranger::ranger(formula = missing_arg(), data = missing_arg(), ## case.weights = missing_arg(), num.threads = 1, verbose = FALSE, ## seed = sample.int(10^5, 1))

rand_forest() %>% set_engine("ranger") %>% set_mode("classification") %>% translate()

## Random Forest Model Specification (classification) ## ## Computational engine: ranger ## ## Model fit template: ## ranger::ranger(formula = missing_arg(), data = missing_arg(), ## case.weights = missing_arg(), num.threads = 1, verbose = FALSE, ## seed = sample.int(10^5, 1), probability = TRUE)

Note that `ranger::ranger()`

does not require
factor predictors to be converted to indicator variables. `fit()`

does
not affect the encoding of the predictor values (i.e. factors stay
factors) for this model.

For `ranger`

confidence intervals, the intervals are constructed using
the form `estimate +/- z * std_error`

. For classification probabilities,
these values can fall outside of `[0, 1]`

and will be coerced to be in
this range.

rand_forest() %>% set_engine("randomForest") %>% set_mode("regression") %>% translate()

## Random Forest Model Specification (regression) ## ## Computational engine: randomForest ## ## Model fit template: ## randomForest::randomForest(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg())

rand_forest() %>% set_engine("randomForest") %>% set_mode("classification") %>% translate()

## Random Forest Model Specification (classification) ## ## Computational engine: randomForest ## ## Model fit template: ## randomForest::randomForest(x = missing_arg(), y = missing_arg())

Note that
`randomForest::randomForest()`

does
not require factor predictors to be converted to indicator variables.
`fit()`

does not affect the encoding of the predictor values
(i.e. factors stay factors) for this model.

rand_forest() %>% set_engine("spark") %>% set_mode("regression") %>% translate()

## Random Forest Model Specification (regression) ## ## Computational engine: spark ## ## Model fit template: ## sparklyr::ml_random_forest(x = missing_arg(), formula = missing_arg(), ## type = "regression", seed = sample.int(10^5, 1))

rand_forest() %>% set_engine("spark") %>% set_mode("classification") %>% translate()

## Random Forest Model Specification (classification) ## ## Computational engine: spark ## ## Model fit template: ## sparklyr::ml_random_forest(x = missing_arg(), formula = missing_arg(), ## type = "classification", seed = sample.int(10^5, 1))

`fit()`

does not affect the encoding of the predictor values
(i.e. factors stay factors) for this model.

The standardized parameter names in parsnip can be mapped to their original names in each engine that has main parameters. Each engine typically has a different default value (shown in parentheses) for each parameter.

parsnip | ranger | randomForest | spark |

mtry | mtry (see below) | mtry (see below) | feature_subset_strategy (see below) |

trees | num.trees (500) | ntree (500) | num_trees (20) |

min_n | min.node.size (see below) | nodesize (see below) | min_instances_per_node (1) |

For randomForest and spark, the default

`mtry`

is the square root of the number of predictors for classification, and one-third of the predictors for regression.For ranger, the default

`mtry`

is the square root of the number of predictors.The default

`min_n`

for both ranger and randomForest is 1 for classification and 5 for regression.

rand_forest(mode = "classification", trees = 2000)#> Random Forest Model Specification (classification) #> #> Main Arguments: #> trees = 2000 #># Parameters can be represented by a placeholder: rand_forest(mode = "regression", mtry = varying())#> Random Forest Model Specification (regression) #> #> Main Arguments: #> mtry = varying() #>model <- rand_forest(mtry = 10, min_n = 3) model#> Random Forest Model Specification (unknown) #> #> Main Arguments: #> mtry = 10 #> min_n = 3 #>#> Random Forest Model Specification (unknown) #> #> Main Arguments: #> mtry = 1 #> min_n = 3 #>#> Random Forest Model Specification (unknown) #> #> Main Arguments: #> mtry = 1 #>